Colonial Experiences and 
Their Legacies in Southeast Asia
An NEH Summer Institute ~ June 10 - July 5, 2019 ~ Honolulu, Hawai‘i ~ Hosted by Asian Studies Development Program

Colonialism Experiences and
Their Legacies in Southeast Asia
                                                                                     An NEH Summer Institute ~ June 10 to July 5, 2019 ~ Honolulu, Hawaii ~ Hosted by Asian Studies Development Program

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Presenting Faculty for the Institute

Institute Directors

Barbara Watson ANDAYA (BA Sydney, MA Hawai‘i, Ph.D. Cornell) is Professor of Asian Studies at the University of Hawai’i. Between 2003 and 2010 she was Director of the Center for Southeast Asian Studies and in 2005-06 she was President of the American Association of Asian Studies. In 2000 she received a John Simon Guggenheim Award, and in 2010 she received the University of Hawai‘i Regents Medal for Excellence in Research. She has lived and taught in Malaysia, Australia, New Zealand, Indonesia, the Netherlands, and the United States. Her specific area of expertise is the western Malay-Indonesia archipelago, on which she has published extensively, but she maintains an active teaching and research interest across all Southeast Asia. Her most recent books are The Flaming Womb: Repositioning Women in Early Modern Southeast Asia (University of Hawaiʻi Press, 2006) and (co-authored with Leonard Y. Andaya) are A History Early Modern Southeast Asia (Cambridge University Press, 2015) and A History of Malaysia. Third edition (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017).  She is currently writing a history of gender and sexuality in Southeast Asia for Cambridge University Press and preparing a monograph on religious interaction in Southeast Asia, 1500-1900.

Peter D. HERSHOCK is Director of the Asian Studies Development Program and Education Specialist at the East-West Center in Honolulu, and holds a Ph.D. in Asian and Comparative Philosophy from the University of Hawaiˋi. His philosophical work makes use of Buddhist conceptual resources to address contemporary issues of global concern. He has authored or edited more than a dozen books on Buddhism, Asian philosophy and contemporary issues, including: Liberating Intimacy: Enlightenment and Social Virtuosity in Ch’an Buddhism (1996); Reinventing the Wheel: A Buddhist Response to the Information Age (1999); Chan Buddhism (2005); Buddhism in the Public Sphere: Reorienting Global Interdependence (2006); Changing Education: Leadership, Innovation and Development in a Globalizing Asia Pacific (edited, 2007); Educations and their Purposes: A Conversation among Cultures (edited, 2008); Valuing Diversity: Buddhist Reflection on Realizing a More Equitable Global Future (2012); Public Zen, Personal Zen: A Buddhist Introduction (2014); Value and Values: Economics and Justice in an Age of Global Interdependence (edited, 2015); and Philosophies of Place: An Intercultural Conversation (2018).

Institute Presenters
Patricio Abinales is Professor of Asian Studies at the University of Hawaii, Manoa. He earned his undergraduate degree in History from the University of the Philippines-Diliman, and his doctorate in Government and Asian Studies from Cornell. Prior to coming to UH, he taught Political Science at Ohio University and at the Center for Southeast Asian Studies in Kyoto University, and was visiting scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington DC. His current research focuses on: the puzzle of American popularity among Muslim Filipinos; violence and the fraternity system in post-war Philippines; and rodent infestation and state-society relationship in the southern Philippines. He is Southeast Asia editor of the journal Critical Asian Studies, and is a member of the editorial boards of the Asian Journal of Political Science, the Asia-Pacific Social Science Journal, the Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, and Philippine Studies. His publications include: Making Mindanao: Cotabato and Davao in the Formation of the Philippine Nation-State (2000); After the Crisis: Hegemony, Technocracy and Governance in Southeast Asia (2005), which he co-edited with Takashi Shiraishi; Dislocating Nation-States: Globalization in Asia and Africa (2005); and Orthodoxy and History in the Muslim Mindanao Narrative (Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2010). His book, State and Society in the Philippines (2005), co-authored with Donna Amoroso, was chosen as one of the Outstanding Academic Titles in Comparative Politics for 2006 by Choice, the publication of the American Library Association.

Muhamad Ali is an Indonesian scholar of Islamic studies in the United States. He is currently an associate professor in Islamic Studies at the Religious Studies Department and is the faculty member of Southeast Asia: Text, Ritual, and Performance Program; and the director of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies Program, University of California, Riverside (UCR). He earned a B.A. in Islamic Studies from the State Institute for Islamic Studies, Jakarta; an MM-CAAE from the University of Indonesia and Universite Grenoble, France; an M.Sc. in Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies from Edinburgh University, Scotland, and a Ph.D. in History from the University of Hawai`i at Manoa, U.S.A. Dr. Ali has published books, essays, and chapters on topics related to Islam, including as jihad,violence and peace, gender, interfaith dialog and global education, Indonesian Muslims’ perceptions of Judaism and Jews, Indonesian Islamic liberal movements, and a modern history of Southeast Asia.

His recent book is Islam and Colonialism: Becoming Modern in Indonesia and Malaya (Edinburgh University Press, 2015) and his other two booksMulticultural-Pluralist Theology (2003) and Bridging Islam and the West: An Indonesian View (2009) were published in Indonesia. His current projects are concerning religious freedom and pluralism in modern Indonesia; Indonesian Islam; and the expressions of adab in Indonesia and Malaysia. At UCR, Dr. Ali teaches courses on Islam, the Qur’an, comparative scripture, Islam in Southeast Asia, Southeast Asian religions, and graduate seminars on Approaches to Islam; Religion, Politics, and Public discourse; and Religions in Contact.  He can be contacted at .
Leonard Y. ANDAYA received his BA from Yale University and an MA and PhD from Cornell University.  He is at present professor of Southeast Asian history at the University of Hawai’i, and has written extensively on the early modern period, particularly of Indonesia and Malaysia.  His most recent publications are Leaves of the Same Tree:  Trade and Ethnicity in the Straits of Melaka (Honolulu:  University of Hawaii Press, 2008); (with Barbara Watson Andaya) A History of Early Modern Southeast Asia (Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 2015); and (with Barbara Watson Andaya) A History of Malaysia, Third Edition (London:  Palgrave, 2017).  He was the Tan Chin Tuan Professor in Malay Studies at the National University Singapore (NUS) in 2011-2012 and is currently the inaugural holder of the Yusof Ishak Chair in the Social Sciences at NUS.  He is currently writing a history of eastern Indonesia in the early modern period.

Pattaratorn  CHIRAPRAVATI (California State University, Sacramento) is an art historian who is specialized in Buddhist art and Southeast Asian visual cultures. She has published extensively on ancient Buddhist art including the books Votive Tablets in Thailand (Oxford University Press, 2007) and Divination Au Royaume De Siam: Le corps, la guerre, le destine (Presses Universitaires de France, 2011). She is also interested in identity and the political usage of images (forthcoming book on The Politics of Dress in Pre-Colonial and Colonial Periods of Southeast Asia). She co-curated two major art exhibitions of Thai and Burmese art at the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco entitled The Kingdom of Siam: Art from Central Thailand (1530-1800) and Emerald Cities: Arts of Siam and Burma (1775-1950).

George DUTTON is a professor in the UCLA Department of Asian Languages and Cultures where he specializes in early modern through early colonial Vietnamese history. I teach courses on early and contemporary Vietnam, and a range of courses in Southeast Asian studies. These include courses on Southeast Asian religions in contemporary society, on 20th-century Southeast Asian literature, and on Zomia, which involves critical issues relating to upland ethnic communities in mainland Southeast Asia and Southwest China. His first book was about the Tây Sơn uprising in late 18th century Vietnam, and his latest is on Vietnamese Catholicism of the late 18th and early 19th centuries as seen through the life and projects of a Vietnamese priest, Father Philiphe Binh. He has also explored topics in 19th and early 20th century Vietnamese history. These have ranged from military technology to poetry to visual humor in the form of newspaper caricature.

His most recent academic project, published in December 2016, is a biography of Philiphê Bỉnh, a Vietnamese Jesuit priest who spent more than thirty years in Lisbon as an emissary of the northern Vietnamese Jesuit community in the first decades of the nineteenth century. Before that he edited a sourcebook of primary literary sources from across Southeast Asia. This volume, entitled Voices of Southeast Asia: Essential Readings from Antiquity to the Present (M.E. Sharpe, 2014) includes more than 25 literary selections from across the region, and ranging from the 8th century to the 21st. He is also the co-editor of the Sources of Vietnamese Tradition. This volume contains several hundred documents relating to all periods of Vietnamese history and was recently published by Columbia University Press (2012).

Beyond UCLA, he is currently serving as the Southeast Asia representative on the Program Committee of the Association for Asian Studies.

Chiara FORMICHI (Cornell Univ:  Trained in Islamic studies (University of Rome, Italy) and the history of Southeast Asia (SOAS, London), she focuses on Islam as a lived religion and as a political ideology in 20th century Indonesia and Southeast Asia more broadly. As such, her interests lie at the disciplinary intersection between Islamic Studies, History, and Area Studies, methodologically resting on archival research as well as ethnography. Her current research has two foci: first, I am pursuing a comparative study of the historical genesis and contemporary status of minorities in Southeast Asia (Burma/Myanmar, Hong Kong, Malaya and Singapore). Second, she is delving into the disciplinary relation between Asian Studies and Islamic Studies.

She teaches courses on various aspects of religion in Asia, with a focus on Islam and Southeast Asia. Among these are the general education course "Controversy and Debate in Islam" and the advanced seminars "Muslim Resistance: Shi'a Islam in Asia" and "Performing Islam in Southeast Asia".

She is interested in supervising honors' theses and graduate students working on aspects of Islam in Asia (from its Central region to the Far East), and on the history of Southeast Asia.

Anne HANSEN (Univ of Wisconsin-Madison) is a historian of religion with research interests in the history of Buddhist ethical ideas and modern religious reform and social justice movements in Southeast Asia, Cold War Buddhism, colonial Buddhism, and religion and visual culture. Much of her work focuses on Buddhist ethics of care and/or “local” interpretations and expressions of Theravada Buddhist thought within larger transnational or transregional networks. Her current projects include work on Buddhist visual ethics of care in nineteenth and twentieth century Cambodia, as well as a study of Buddhist temporality during the Cold War in modern Southeast Asia. I regularly teach courses on Buddhism, Asian religions, transnational religion, Southeast Asian colonialisms and modernities, and theory and method in the study of religion.

Vina LANZONA (Univ of Hawaii at Manoa):  Born and raised in Manila, Philippines, she is considered a “Martial Law Baby,” having grown up under Martial Law. And then as a student at the Ateneo de Manila University, she was part of our People Power Revolution! After college, she worked briefly for the Aquino government, then came to the United States to pursue graduate studies, completing an M.A. in Historical Studies at the New School for Social Research in New York, and a Ph.D. in Southeast Asian History at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She spent most of her twenties living in New York, eventually moving to Honolulu to join the faculty at the University of Hawai’i. Her first book was inspired by her twin passions for studying revolution and the role of women in political change. During her sabbatical year in Seville, Spain, she began work on a new book project reexamining Spanish colonialism in the Philippines, but she’ll miss drinking wine and eating tapas in Seville’s sunny plazas.

Laurie SEARS (Univ of Washington) is a social and intellectual historian of Southeast Asia with particular knowledge of the 19th and 20th century colonial Indies and postcolonial Indonesia and Java. She has spent about six years in Indonesia; her first visit to the islands of Java and Bali was in 1972-1973 before she began her graduate career. At that time she spent almost two years in central Java and Bali studying the connections between the Javanese performing arts and Javanese mystical traditions. She also lived in India for a few years and traveled between India and Greece overland several times.

She has carried out research in central Java, Bali, and Jakarta. Her specialty is the oral and written literary traditions of Java and Indonesia in Javanese, Indonesian, and Dutch. She has more recently published on the transnational discourse of psychoanalysis as it spanned the world in the 20th century. Her teaching runs from more general courses on the 19th and 20th century histories of Southeast Asia to more specialized courses on the performing arts in Java. She also teaches about Indonesian Islam, colonialism, imperial formations, and issues of diversity.

In the next few years she plans to teach her upper division undergraduate and graduate course "Islam, Mysticism, Politics and Performance in Indonesia" as well as "Violence, Myth and Memory," a 300 level course that moves among Viet Nam, the Philippines, Indonesia and the U.S. She will also teach graduate seminars on Indonesian archives and oral traditions as well as my methodology class that has focused on history, trauma, and memory over the past several years. Recently she had the opportunity to teach a group of ASEAN mid-level diplomats and teachers in the country of Brunei. This was a fascinating experience where she learned a good deal about the differences between teaching American college students and teaching older Southeast Asian students. She has also traveled to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines over the past several decades. For the past eight years she has served as Director of the Southeast Asia Center and Program.

Nora TAYLOR (School of Art Institute of Chicago) is the Alsdorf Professor of South and Southeast Asian Art History at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. She is the author of Painters in Hanoi: An Ethnography of Vietnamese Art (Hawaii and Singapore Press, 2004 and 2009) and coeditor of Modern and Contemporary Southeast Asian Art: An Anthology (Cornell SEAP Press, 2012) as well as numerous articles on modern and contemporary Vietnamese and Southeast Asian art. She was also curator of Breathing is Free: 12 756.3 Recent Work by Jun Nguyen-Hatsushiba at SAIC and a recent recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship.
Ardeth  THAWNGHMUNG (Univ of Massachusetts Lowell): When Ardeth Thawnghmung of the political science department teaches international relations, her students will be learning from someone with real hands-on experiences.


As a recipient of the prestigious J. William Fulbright grant by the U.S. Department of Education Fulbright-Hays Faculty Research Abroad Program, Thawnghmung was awarded the opportunity to spend a full academic year doing research outside of the United States. She spent time in Burma conducting research on how ordinary citizens (who generally earn less than $100 a month) use various strategies to survive. She returned to Burma in the spring and fall of 2011 in order to complete her research.


As a Burmese native, Thawnghmung came to the United States for her undergraduate degree after universities in her home country were closed due to demonstrations against the military regime. She went on to do graduate work in the U.S. and came to UMass Lowell to teach, impressed with the University’s friendly atmosphere, small classroom sizes and the strong Southeast Asian population of Lowell.

As for encouraging her students to consider an international exchange or volunteer experience, Thawnghmung is a strong advocate. “If you can make an effort to venture outside the classroom to mingle with local ordinary citizens, do it,” she says. “That is the real world and it will offer you many learning opportunities.”


When she is overseas, there are a few things she misses, such as “academic freedom, the rights to have free and open discussions and debate, things that most of us here have taken for granted.” The self-described “gymnastics mom” also misses being home to follow her daughter’s practices and competitions.

Jeffrey WINTERS (Northwestern University) is Chair of the Political Science Department and Director of the Equality Development and Globalization Studies Program (EDGS) at the Northwestern Buffett Institute for Global Affairs.  He is also Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Indonesian Scholarship and Research Support Foundation (ISRSF) in Jakarta.  Winters specializes on oligarchs and elites spanning a range of historical and contemporary cases.  His book, Oligarchy (Cambridge 2011), won APSA’s 2012 Luebbert Award for the Best Book in Comparative Politics.  His research, publications, and teaching focus on comparative politics and political economy.  In addition to oligarchy, important themes in his work include stratification and inequality, state-capital relations, capital mobility and the structural power of investors, human rights, authoritarianism, and democratic transitions in post-colonial states.  He has conducted extensive research in the region of Southeast Asia. His first book was Power in Motion: Capital Mobility and the Indonesian State (Cornell 1996). With Jonathan Pincus, he co-edited Reinventing the World Bank (Cornell 2002).  He has also published two other books in Indonesian in 1999:Dosa-Dosa Politik Orde Baru [Political Sins of Suharto’s New Order], and Orba Jatuh, Orba Bertahan? [Indonesia’s “New Order” Falls or Endures?].  He is working on a new book entitled, Domination through Democracy.

Peter ZINOMAN (UC Berkeley) is a member of both the Department of South and Southeast Asian Studies as well as the History Department. He is currently serving as Director of the Center for Southeast Asian Studies and Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Vietnamese Studies. He teaches introductory survey courses on early and recent Southeast Asian history and on modern Vietnam and graduate seminars on the comparative history of Southeast Asian colonialism, nationalism and communism. His research interests include the cultural, social, and political history of modern Vietnam and the history of 20th century Vietnamese literature. His works include The Colonial Bastille: A History of Imprisonment in Vietnam, 1862-1940 (UC Press, 2001) and a translation (with Nguyen Nguyet Cam) of the colonial-era novel, Dumb Luck (University of Michigan Press, 2002). He is currently writing a book on Vu Trong Phung and the emergence of modernism in Vietnam.